All You Need To Know About Microdermabrasion Machines

All You Need To Know About Microdermabrasion Machines

Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure that a majority of people have heard about, but don't know much details. Even if you have noticed it listed on many spa menus or your skin-obsessed buddy swears by it, it is best to discuss the procedure with your dermatologist.

What Is Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure that helps exfoliate and remove the layer of dead and dry skin cells. As per medical aestheticians, a microdermabrasion machine polishes and buffs your skin with a diamond tip or streams of fine crystals.

Taking Microdermabrasion Treatment

Many systems feature a suction mechanism to vacuum loose or wobbly skin cells from your face. Medical professionals believe that individuals with uneven pigmentation, fine lines, and clogged pores can benefit a lot from a couple of microdermabrasion treatments. Doctors also recommend it for patients of melasma and people who use retinoids like Retin-A.

Microdermabrasion is a straightforward, simple, non-invasive and painless skin rejuvenation procedure that uses either a series of fine and abrasive tips or vacuum suction and crystals on your skin. In most cases, anesthetics or needles don't feature in the procedure.

The speed and pressure of the vacuum are modified based on the tolerance and sensitivity of your skin. You can compare microdermabrasion to a feeling similar to that of a cat licking your skin.

A majority of microdermabrasion sessions may last from ten minutes to an hour. Recovery time after the procedure is minimal to none, and a lot of individuals tend to resume their daily activities immediately following a session. In most cases, you can apply non-irritating creams and makeup within a couple of hours or even immediately after microdermabrasion.

However, as most people experience more skin sensitivity immediately after the procedure, irritating products such as alpha hydroxy acids, glycolic acids, fragranced creams and retinoid products are often avoided after this procedure.

Microdermabrasion is usually performed to help reduce photo-damage and superficial hyperpigmentation, and help reduce the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, and acne. Another great benefit of the procedure is to enhance skin penetration with various skin serums and creams.

The removal of dead skin cells helps to penetrate various medications and skin care products by as much as ten to fifty percent. The effective skin exfoliation offered by the procedure will allow self-tanning and make-up products to work more smoothly.

The process of microdermabrasion has gradually evolved from stones, rocks, and shells to diamond tips, bristle tips and crystals. When you reach the right amount of exfoliation, a majority of microdermabrasion systems will infuse or spray some skin-enhancing solution on your skin.

Skin After Microdermabrasion Treatment

As microdermabrasion gets rid of limited layers of your stratum corneum, skin serums and topical products applied in any manner to your skin after the procedure are likely to have more opportunity to penetrate into your skin.

Benefits Of Microdermabrasion

There are many benefits of microdermabrasion which cause people to choose this procedure over others. Contrary to popular belief, the procedure is not only for your face either.

You can use it on the different parts of your body. Your spa technician or dermatologist can provide you a good idea of how many treatments you may require. Here are some common benefits of microdermabrasion.

Blackhead Removal

Microdermabrasion works effectively for the treatment of blackheads. It strips away the upper layer of your skin and abrades the blackheads and thoroughly suctions out your clogged pores.

The procedure tends to work well for a majority of people with blackheads; however, in case you fail to notice any improvement from the procedure, your spa facial technician or dermatologist will be able to inform you whether the procedure is suitable for your specific skin type.

A microdermabrasion treatment for blackheads works nicely to eliminate or reduce the scarring; it uses a blast of crystals to erode your dead skin cells near the scars and evens out your blackhead scarred regions of your face. However, be patient as it can take many treatments to get desired results.

Acne Removal

In case you have trouble with acne breakouts and clogged pores, then a microdermabrasion treatment may be the right solution for you. Microdermabrasion treatment can help open up your clogged pores as the treatment can get rid of dead skin cells and dirt from your skin surface.

As it helps remove your dead skin cells, it can help prevent the formation of acne as your pores are much less likely to get clogged as a result.

Woman Showing Acnes

Also, a majority of topical acne products tend to work more effectively when you use them in combination with a microdermabrasion treatment. The treatment can help open your pores which make it a lot easier for most acne products to penetrate your skin better.

Many people have unsightly acne scars, and they think these will not go away. However, microdermabrasion treatments can help minimize the appearance of these acne scars.

Most superficial acne scars will begin to fade away as the procedure can soften the upper layer of your skin and also get rid of dead skin cells. Because of this, the texture and tone of the skin are more consistent and smoother.

Treatment Of Age Spots And Wrinkles

Aging often leads to wrinkles and age spots. Microdermabrasion is effective for many deep, lined wrinkles as these kinds of wrinkles are set quite deep in your skin surface (at the dermis level) where the procedure can reach effectively. However, if you have extremely deep wrinkles, it is likely that you will need to resort to more invasive types of procedures.

On the other hand, microdermabrasion treatment tends to work brilliantly for most fine line wrinkles. You are likely to see a considerable reduction or, at times, even elimination of most fine line wrinkles near your forehead, eyes, mouth, and nose on your initial microdermabrasion treatment.

Concerning age spots are often caused due to frequent exposure to the sunlight and the accumulation of melanin in the pigment, microdermabrasion works well. Although it can take many microdermabrasion treatments to fade your age spots completely and achieve the desired color, the procedure is very effective in most cases.

Treatment Of Sun-Damaged Skin

Due to overexposure to the sun, a lot of people face skin issues such as irregular skin, wrinkles, pigmentation, roughness, dark spots, and dryness.

A microdermabrasion treatment blasts off the upper layer of your dead facial skin as well as other body parts that have been damaged by the sun and will lead to the generation of healthy and new skin cells and also promote collagen formation. This feature can help reduce the number of adverse effects caused by sun damage. However, not all will be gone.

Damaged Sking From The Sun

After a couple of microdermabrasion treatments, you are likely to get an even skin tone along with an elimination or reduction of wrinkles and fine lines. It will improve the elasticity of the skin considerably, and the skin will feel suppler.

Treatment Of Clogged Or Enlarged Pores

Clogged and enlarged pores are likely to make your skin unhealthy and ruddy. A microdermabrasion treatment peels off your dead skin cells thoroughly from your facial skin and suctions these cells at the same time, which will get rid of different types of impurities like hardened skin oils and dirt which are trapped in the pores and causes them to get enlarged.

This step will result in tighter and smaller pores, as the stimulation of your skin produces collagen and healthier skin cells (this will lead to a more radiant and even skin tone).

How Do Microdermabrasion Machines Work?

Microdermabrasion machines take skin exfoliation to the next level. They scrub away the dead skin cells and suck up your dead skin cells. By performing these two tasks at the same time, they can remove the top layer of your skin.

This layer is usually dry and old and makes you appear that way too. Once you remove the top skin layer, it will reveal a fresher and younger skin. These machines help you get rid of clogged pores, fine lines, and scars in a gradual manner.

The machines also get rid of wrinkles, smooth out or even your rough skin, fade any facial scars and reduce your pore size. This feature also tends to lower hyperpigmentation also known as age spots.

These machines are a secret to the flawless skin of many stars and celebrities. However, now the home versions of these machines are available so that all can benefit from this treatment.

Another important thing to bear in mind is that a microdermabrasion machine can transform the skin as it exfoliates the skin and opens up the pores and removes the old and dead skin cells that block access to the deeper layers of your skin. This feature makes it easy for powerful skin serums and creams to generate more effective results.

Science Behind Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a term used to refer to the careful application of small and rough grains to gradually buff away the top or surface layer of your skin. Many different treatments and products tend to use the method. These include salon treatments, medical procedures, and scrubs and creams that you can apply at home.

Skin Anatomy

People usually opt for this procedure on the face, neck, chest, hands or arms. To better understand what microdermabrasion does, it is vital to get familiar with how your skin works.

The skin is composed of two different layers; these two main layers are called dermis and epidermis. The epidermis is an upper or top layer exposed to the external world. It is a group of dead and old skin cells that rest on top of a different layer of skin cells that are about to mature.

The uppermost layer of your skin is known as the stratum corneum. This layer usually serves as an effective barrier between your lower skin layers and the external world. It is very effective and prevents even the tiniest molecules from passing through.

Whenever you apply lotions, serums or creams on the skin, a little bit of the moisture gets through your stratum corneum, while your skin blocks the rest. The skin layer is often home to many small imperfections, such as fine wrinkles and blemishes. It is important to bear in mind that all the activity in a microdermabrasion treatment occurs at the stratum corneum level.

As the treatment only targets your epidermis (rather than the dermis) a more suitable name for this procedure can be micro-epi-dermabrasion. It can be harmful and painful to affect the deeper layers of the skin; also, it runs the risk of permanently embedding the small grains into your skin.

The principle behind microdermabrasion is often similar, whether you perform it using products at your home or in more professional settings using specialized tools.

The idea behind the procedure is quite simple; if you break up or remove the stratum corneum, your body will interpret it as a mild or gentle injury and will rush to replace or regenerate your dead skin cells with newer and healthier ones.

In most cases, after the initial hour of the treatment, you will feel mild edema or swelling, along with erythema or redness. These side effects are minor and depend on the person and their skin; they may last for a couple of hours to three days.

The procedure has many beneficial effects on your skin. When you remove the stratum corneum, the surface of your skin will improve. It also triggers a healing process that helps bring new and healthy skin cells that feel and look smoother. Many visible skin imperfections, such as blemishes, sun damage, and fine lines are less noticeable.

Using Microdermabrasion Machine

Also, when the stratum corneum no longer acts as a blockade, medicinal lotions and creams are likely to be more effective as more of the moisture and active ingredients can easily find their way into your skin's lower layers.

As a majority of microdermabrasion treatments temporarily remove a little bit of moisture from your skin, people apply moisturizing creams after the procedure.

Types Of Microdermabrasion Machines

A microdermabrasion machine helps both women and men with dull complexions, large pores, wrinkles, dark spots or melasma to attain a fresher, smoother and younger looking skin with no serious side effects.

These machines work with different kinds of skin and various skin colors. Although there are different types of microdermabrasion machines available in the market these days, we will discuss the two main types.

Home Use Microdermabrasion Machines

You can use these machines in the comfort of your own home with any professional supervision. A majority of home microdermabrasion machines use aluminum oxide crystals and diamond tips. They come with up to seven types of exfoliating discs.

The suitability of an exfoliating disc depends on the kind of skin. Some are for ultra sensitive skin, some for sensitive skin and others for moderate types. Some of these machines feature patented spin disc technology which offers superior results.

A majority of home microdermabrasion machines come with at least two caps for the exfoliation discs one is small which is intended for the face, while the larger one is for the rest of the body. These machines also have different speeds to adjust the rate of suction. You can use them on your face, hands, neck, feet, and chest.

Woman Using Microdermabrasion Machine

Most contemporary machines have a lightweight and compact design which makes them easy to use and portable. Modern machines come with reusable filters and to make things easy for users they have a detailed written instruction manual along with how-to DVDs.

Professional Microdermabrasion Machines

Professional microdermabrasion machines can penetrate deeper into your skin, compared to most electric brushes and facial steamers on the market. You can buy a professional machine to take care of your deepest skin issues and problems.

Whether you are the owner of a professional studio or spa, these machines will get the job done. They have strong suction power to remove all the dead skin cells and dirt particles without harming your skin.

A majority of these machines use sterile diamond heads to safely and effectively peel the old and dead cells on your skin surface without doing any harm to it. They work on a deep and micro level so you can expect a feeling of suppleness and softness after their use. They will not cause any pain, irritation, redness or dangerous peeling.

Professional machines can remove the tiniest of skin scars, debris, blemishes, dead cells, dirt, and uneven pigmentation. Another great benefit of professional machines is that you can use them closer to your mouth and eyes because there is often no risk of inhalation, ingestion, or the dirt particles entering the eyes.

Many professional machines come with two dermabrasion handles made of stainless steel and up to ten different-sized diamond tips such as fine, coarse and medium. Other parts and accessories usually included are cotton filters, various air hoses for diamond filters and a couple of plastic oil filters.

How Often To Use Microdermabrasion

To be honest, there is no clear answer to this question. It often depends, to a great extent, on the type of skin and the goals of the treatment. For example, a person with tough or rigid skin that is prone to acne would like to have a different number and type of microdermabrasion treatments per year compared to a person with clear and sensitive skin.

Young Woman Holding Magnifier

To get best results, most dermatologists and skin experts usually recommend a set of four to six treatments. Once these treatments finish, you can have maintenance treatments during the rest of the year.

At times, you need multiple microdermabrasion treatments to get optimal results as the skin regenerates after every thirty days on average, making these results seem temporary. If you keep your treatments consistent and regular, you are likely to have great-looking and healthy skin.

Maintenance Of Microdermabrasion Machine

Follow these steps to clean and maintain your machine.

  • Unplug your machine from the electrical socket
  • Use some cotton and antibacterial spray to wipe down the machine’s body. Avoid spraying directly on your machine
  • Detach the vacuuming hose from the main unit. Brush the end of the nozzle with a soft toothbrush. Wipe and replace the hose
  • Detach the hose from the applicator wands. Clean the hose tip from both ends using a toothbrush. Wipe and replace the hoses
  • Replace the wand tips of the applicator with newer ones if they are disposable, or wipe them clean using alcohol wipes if they are permanent
  • Replace both the crystal container and collection container. Do not empty or reuse a collection container


We have discussed what microdermabrasion is and the different benefits of microdermabrasion treatments such as blackhead removal, acne removal, etc. We have looked at how microdermabrasion machines work along with the science behind microdermabrasion treatments.

Older Woman Smiling

We have discussed the two main types of microdermabrasion machines and how they work. We have also provided many tips on how to maintain your microdermabrasion machine and how often you should use the treatment.

Our buying guide will discuss the different features that you should consider when buying a microdermabrasion machine along with a few recommendations.

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